indie pop


indie pop
   Although independent record labels have a long history, the origins of indie music are to be found in the development of punk rock in the late 1970s. Part of the punk ethos was a reaction against control of the music industry by a handful of large multinational record companies. Punk bands, motivated by a ‘DIY’ approach to music production, began to produce and distribute their own records; hence the name ‘indie’, an abbreviation of ‘independent’. As Punk gave way to new wave, a new generation of record labels were formed to promote new music, the pioneers being Rough Trade and Stiff in London, Postcard in Glasgow, Zoo in Liverpool, two-tone in Coventry and Factory in Manchester.
   Indie scenes began to spring up around these particular labels. The Teardrop Explodes and Echo and the Bunnymen from Zoo Records produced music that was influenced by the psychedelic rock of The Doors and The Byrds from the 1960s. Artists on the Factory label such as Joy Division developed a dour industrial sound. Bands signed to Rough Trade and Postcard were distinctive in their search for a ‘pure pop’ form, while Madness, The Specials and The Selecter, all bands signed to the Two-Tone label, were particularly influenced by ska and were characterized by their multi-ethnic origins. Many bands on indie labels shared a similar aesthetic, and as a result the phrase ‘indie’ began to be used to describe a particular generic sound, rather than merely the method of producing and distributing records. This aesthetic was based around a rejection of the excesses of progressive rock, with the preferred vinyl medium being the seven-inch single rather than the LP. As the 1980s continued, a whole array of indie bands and labels were formed. Bands on indie labels would release one or two singles that attracted the attention of the music media, and would then sign to a major label. Indie labels began to be seen as a breeding ground for new talent. Many internationally successful artists started their careers in this way. Towards the end of the 1980s, as indie labels began to expand, many developed formal links with ‘majors’, multinational record companies such as Polygram and CBS. This sparked much debate within the indie scene as to the ethics of breaking away from the original DIY ethos. In particular many indie labels maintained control of the signing of new bands and the production of records, while forming distribution deals with major labels. This was compounded by the collapse of the Rough Trade and Factory labels. Since then the phrase indie is generally considered to refer to a musical genre. Bands such as Oasis, signed to Creation, who now have financial links with Sony, are considered to be indie bands despite their lack of ‘independence’. Perhaps therefore the true indie bands of the 1990s are not the guitar-based groups with an indie ‘sound’, but those techno, house and jungle acts who continue to release and distribute their own records, without help from multinational companies.
   See also: alternative music
   Further reading
    Savage, J. (1991) England’s Dreaming: Anarchy, Sex Pistols, Punk Rock and Beyond, London: Faber & Faber.
   STUART BORTHWICK

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Indie pop — Origines stylistiques Indie rock Pop Pop punk Post punk Origines culturelles  Royaume Uni …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Indie-Pop —   [englisch, ɪndɪpɔp], auch Brit Pop, Ende der Achtzigerjahre von der britischen Musikpresse (New Musical Express, Melody Maker) aufgebrachter Begriff für die zum Teil sehr eigenwilligen Popmusik Kreationen, die von kleineren, unabhängigen Labels …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Indie pop — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor pri …   Wikipedia Español

  • Indie pop — This article is about the alternative rock genre. For the Indian music genre, see Indian pop. Indie pop Stylistic origins Post punk 1960s girl groups Indie rock Power pop Cultural origins Early 1980s, United Kingdom Typical instruments Vocals …   Wikipedia

  • Indie-Pop — Independent [ˌɪndɪˈpendənt] (engl. „unabhängig“), kurz Indie, ist eine Sammelbezeichnung für kreative Ausdrucksformen, die von einer gemeinsamen Do it yourself Ideologie geprägt sind, obwohl sich die einzelnen Erscheinungen sehr unterscheiden… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of indie pop artists — This is a list of indie pop artists. This includes artists who have either been very important to the genre or have had a considerable amount of exposure (such as in the case of one that has been on a major label, but not limited to such). This… …   Wikipedia

  • Indie rock — Stylistic origins Alternative rock, punk rock, post punk, hardcore punk, New Wave Cultural origins Early 1980s, United Kingdom, United States and Canada Typical instruments Guitar …   Wikipedia

  • Indie music scenes — are localized, independent, music oriented communities that exist in many countries, especially in the USA, the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia. These have existed for decades now, in one way or another, but it is now commonplace for a city… …   Wikipedia

  • Indie — Orígenes musicales Rock alternativo, punk rock, post punk, new wave Orígenes culturales Mediados de los años 1980 en el Reino Unido y Estados Unidos Instrumentos c …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pop indé — Indie pop Indie pop Origines stylistiques Indie rock Pop Pop punk Post punk Origines culturelles …   Wikipédia en Français